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Year-end portfolio rebalancing: Why and how should you do it?

debt to asset ratio

A higher financial risk indicates higher interest rates for the company’s loan. Instead of considering total debt, which is a sum of short-term and long-term debt, this formula will only consider long-term debt. A proportion greater than 1 indicates that a significant portion of the assets are financed through debt, while a low ratio reflects that majority of the asset is funded by equity. The debt ratio does not take a company’s profitability into account.

The debt to asset ratio is a leverage ratio that indicates the portion of a company’s assets financed with debt. In other words, it defines the total amount of debt relative to assets owned by the company. This leverage ratio is also used to determine the company’s financial risk. The total-debt-to-total-assets ratio compares the total amount of liabilities of a company to all of its assets. The ratio is used to measure how leveraged the company is, as higher ratios indicate more debt is used as opposed to equity capital. To gain the best insight into the total-debt-to-total-assets ratio, it’s often best to compare the findings of a single company over time or compare the ratios of different companies.

Interest Coverage Ratio

According to Michigan State University professor Adam Kantrovich, any ratio higher than 30% (or .3) may lower the “borrowing capacity” for your business. That’s why it’s so smart for you — especially if you’re a business owner or freelancer — to know your debt to asset ratio. If you’re an individual, the debt to asset ratio won’t be as relevant to you…but your debt to INCOME ratio will be. That’s the number representing the total amount of debt you owe compared to your income.

Overall, the Debt to Asset Ratio is an invaluable tool for assessing a company’s financial health and risk profile. While it has its limitations, it can be very useful as long as it is used critically as part of a broader analysis. For companies with low debt to asset ratios, such as 0% to 30%, the main advantage is that they would incur less interest expense and also have greater strategic flexibility. Total-debt-to-total-assets may be reported as a decimal or a percentage. For example, Google’s .30 total-debt-to-total-assets may also be communicated as 30%.

Fund Overview

A higher ratio also indicates a higher chance of default on company loans. A lower percentage indicates that the company has enough funds to meet its current debt obligations and assess if the firm can pay a return on its investment. If a company has a negative debt ratio, this would mean that the company has negative shareholder equity. In most cases, this is considered a very risky sign, indicating that the company may be at risk of bankruptcy. Some sources consider the debt ratio to be total liabilities divided by total assets. This reflects a certain ambiguity between the terms debt and liabilities that depends on the circumstance.

It helps you see how much of your company assets were financed using debt financing. A high debt-to-assets ratio could mean that your company will have trouble borrowing more money, or that it may borrow money only at a higher interest rate than if the ratio were lower. Highly leveraged companies may be putting themselves at risk of insolvency or bankruptcy depending upon the type of company and industry. The debt to asset ratio is another good way of analyzing the debt financing of a company, and generally, the lower, the better.

Portfolio Management

The more of a risk you are, the less of a chance they’ll lend to you at all. Businesses like utilities and retail require a whole lot of initial capital up front to cover initial costs of things they need to run their business (infrastructure, products, manpower, etc.). As such, the average for those businesses will be higher. However, industries such as production or retail require a LOT of debt up front in order to get started. As a result, it’s not uncommon to see higher debt to asset ratios among them.

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